The Constitution of the United States

This document is old, I’m lazy and my english is weak. Here’s a best attempt summary. I’m sure it’s going to be missing essential details. I’m also sure I’m misunderstanding some (lots of) things.

Article 1

  • The powers of this document are held by a Congress
  • Congress is composed of a Senate and House of Representatives
  • Members of the House of Representatives will be elected every two years.
  • Candidates of the House of Representatives must be at least 25 years old and have been a citizen for seven years.
  • Members of the House of Representatives must live in the state they represent.
  • Each state will not have more than 1 representative for every 30,000 people.
  • Each state will have at least 1 representative.
  • The House of Representatives has the Power of Impeachment (of the president?)
  • The Senate has Senators from each state.
  • Each Senator has one vote.
  • After the first assembly of the Senate, all Senators were split into 3 classes. The first class held only a two year term, the second a 4 year term and the third a 6 year term. This means that every 2 years, ⅓ of the senate changes (unless a Senator gets re-elected or re-appointed).
  • Senators must be at least 35 years old and have been a citizen for at least 9 years.
  • VPOTUS is the President of the Senate.
  • VPOTUS doesn’t have a vote in the Senate unless there’s a tie.
  • The Senate has the sole Power to try all Impeachments.
    • Does this mean that the House decides whether to impeach and the senate does the legal process?
  • Congress must meet once a year on the first Monday in December.
  • The House can expel a member with agreement of ⅔ rds of its members.
  • Journals must be kept and published except when secrecy is required.
  • Senators and Representatives are paid by the Treasury of the United States.
  • They cannot be arrested during attendance or when they’re going to or from their sessions unless they’ve committed treason.
  • Bills are proposed in the House of Representatives then sent to the Senate and finally to the President.
  • The President can reject with objections for reconsideration and send it back to the Representatives.
  • The Bill becomes law if the President accepts OR ⅔ of the House and ⅔ of the Senate accept after reconsideration.
  • If the President does not sign or object to a bill within 10 days (except Sunday), it becomes law.
  • Congress will not prohibit importing people but may impose a tax not exceeding 10 dollars per person.

Article 2

  • How the President and Vice-President get elected:
    • Each state appoints Electors equal to the number of Senators and Representatives of that state.
    • The Electors cannot be Representatives nor Senators.
    • Electors meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for two people, at least one of which must live in another state.
    • These ballots are signed, sealed and sent to the President of the Senate.
    • The President of the Senate counts the ballots in the Presence of the Senate and the person with the most votes is determined President. The runner-up is Vice-President.
    • If there is a tie for President and both candidates have a majority of the votes then the House of Representatives votes to break the tie.
    • The nobody has a majority of the vote then the House of Representatives picks from the top five through ballot.
    • Same deal for Vice-President except the Senate chooses the VP in case of ties.
  • Natural born citizens (or citizens at the time of writing of constitution) are eligible for Presidency.
  • Presidents must be at least 35 and have been a resident for at least 14 years.
  • Congress and remove the President and/or the Vice-President and appoint someone to their place until an election or their reinstantiation.
  • Upon taking office the President must take an Oath of Affirmation: “I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
  • The President can make treaties and appoint ambassadors and other public figures but only with the consent of ⅔ rds of the Senate.
  • The President, Vice-President and all civil officers are to be removed from office for treason, bribery or other high crimes.

Article 3

  • Judicial power of the United States resides in a Supreme Court.
  • Congress may establish inferior courts.
  • The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction of cases involving public ministers and states.
  • All crimes except for impeachment will be tried by a jury.
  • Trials are to be held in the state where they are committed.
  • Nobody is to be convicted of treason without the testimony of two witnesses on the same act within open court.

Article 4

  • Citizens of one state are entitled to the privileges of all states.
  • Anyone charged with treason who has been found in another state will be delivered to the state where he committed the crime.
  • New states can be formed but not within the jurisdiction of an already existing states.
  • States cannot join together to make a new, larger state.
  • The United States guarantees every state a republican form of government and will protect them from invasion and domestic violence.

Article 5

  • Congress can amend this document when ⅔ of both houses agree.

Article 6

  • Debts and engagements agreed to prior to the constitution are still valid.
  • The Constitution, laws and treaties of the United States will the be supreme law of the land which all states must abide by.
  • No religious test will ever be required as a qualification to public office.

Bill of Rights (amendments 1 – 10)

  1. Congress will not make laws supporting or prohibiting religion, denying freedom of speech, freedom of press or the right to peacefully assemble.
  2. Congress will not infringe on the right to own weapons.
  3. Soldiers will not be kept in houses with the consent of the owner in times of peace.
  4. The state will not perform unreasonable searches of people or their private property without probable cause and a warrant.
  5. Nobody will be tried for the same crime twice. Nobody will have to be a witness against themselves. Nobody will be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of the law. Private property will not be taken for public use without just compensation.
  6. In criminal prosecutions the accused has the right of a quick and public trial by an impartial jury. The accused is to be informed of the alleged crime and the right to confront the witness against him and the right to counsel.
  7. Trial by jury is to be had for lawsuits over matters exceeding $20.
  8. Excessive bail will not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
  9. The Constitution does not deny other rights held by the people.
  10. Powers not expressly allowed or prohibited by the constitution can be chosen by the states.

Amendments 11 – 27

  1. Citizens cannot sue states?
  2. See article 2, this amendment describes how the President and Vice-President are to be elected.
  3. Slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment of crime by law, will not exist within the United States.
  4. Everyone born in the US is subject to its laws. No state may deny privileges granted by the United States. No state may deny any person life, liberty or property without due process of the law. Everyone must be given equal protection of the law. Those of have gone against the United States may not hold public office unless Congress votes by ⅔ to remove that disability.
  5. People of color and race can vote.
  6. Congress can collect taxes on income.
  7. Stuff about how senators get appointed and hold office.
  8. Manufacturing, sale and transportation of liquor in prohibited.
  9. Women can vote.
  10. New Presidents and Vice-Presidents come into power on the 20th of January. New Senators and Representatives come into power on the 3rd of January. Congress assembles at least once a year on the at noon on the 3rd of January. If the President dies, the Vice-President will become president until a new one is elected. Congress can pick new Presidents and Vice-Presidents if they die.
  11. Alcohol is no longer prohibited.
  12. Nobody can be president more than twice.
  13. The district of the seat of the government is entitled to Senators and Representatives like other states.
  14. Failure to pay tax does not remove a citizen’s right to vote.
  15. If the President is removed from office then the Vice-President will take his place. When the Vice-Presidency is vacant the President can appoint one.
  16. People who are at least 18 can vote.
  17. Laws varying the compensation of Senators or Representatives can take effect until the next election.

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